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In the European tradition of Last Supper paintings, a cat represents Judas. Such attitudes led to cats being linked to witches. The Grimm's fairy tales are one of the popular sources of children tales, back in the Medieval, and still in the present. The Brothers' Grimm, Wilhelm and Jacob Grimm, are one of the popular authors that paved the way for the fame of fairy tales. These tales, are the stories that we see today, the one that are usually produced by Disney online. The Romantic era of the beginning of nineteenth-century Europe, with its infatuation with the supernatural and the ethereal ideal of the ballerina, had set the ground for the fairy-tale ballet format.
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Unmannerly tiger and other Korean tales. Edgar Lucas, with illus. Fairy tales and household stories; tr. Sindbad the Sailor; or, the Old Man e entitled Help! For instance, not all of the dialogue is sung, but some is recited as poetry. In some styles, only major characters sing. His dream of a golden man who could fly led him to dispatch messengers to Afghanistan to bring back the Buddhist scriptures. This particular function of the Goddess has introduced the term "mother earth" to Persian literature.
In Persian national epic, the responsibilities of outstanding women are highly emphasized, such as: heroism, athleticism, attentiveness, conceptualism, advice giving, faithfulness and modesty. The women's images that appeared in Persian classical literary sources are notably different and mostly appeared as a beautiful entity who has the ability to stimulate desires and romantic sentiments. In this manner, their feminine characteristics are hired by the mystic writers as symbols to express their concepts to convey their messages to their followers, and explain their beliefs concerning the facts, reality, and love of the eternal divinity.
Women have always had a vivid role in the field of folklore, both in producing as well as preserving and transmitting folkloric materials. Storytelling was a task of women and part of mothers' duty.
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Therefore, the image of women in Persian literature starts with the mythical features in the abode of heaven moving around in the chariot of sun; in classical literary sources, women are likened to the moon and in folklore, as bright and beautiful as the moon and as kind and sturdy as the earth. Teresa Bairos. Lisbon, Portugal. This paper will draw heavily on Stanley Cavell's incursions into film and literature, particularly his studies on classic Hollywood remarriage comedies and Shakespearean comedies.
One striking aspect about these that is pointed out by this philosopher is the fact that in the course of the protagonists' "pursuits of happiness", they are temporarily drawn out of their everyday environments and familiar conditions of existence into unknown parallel worlds, only to come back from them with a renewed wisdom or vision that confers upon them an increased awareness and lucidity regarding their habitual realms of existence. I would like to relate this to Vladimir Propp's notion that fairy tales involve a cyclical journey between the otherworld and this one - a continuous alternation between the natural and the supernatural, death and rejuvenation - in order to enquire into the persistence of underlying fairy tale structures in contemporary popular culture.
Anneli Baran. We talk, communicate, chat, speak, and make utterances - all these synonymous verbs signify verbal communication and mark the same action. The action may also be expressed by means of set expressions, or more precisely, phrases or idioms.
Words, phrases and syntactic units, or the so-called microtexts are at our disposal. The issue may be also considered at another angle - namely, how short can a phrase be for it to preserve its contents? Compared to other short forms proverbs, riddles , phrases are generally characterised as being shorter. It has been determined that the minimum length of a phrase is a combination of at least two fully semantic words.
According to a common claim a phrase characterises a specific situation. Therefore, a phrase can only exist as a set expression in a context. Conceptualising phraseologisms, however, prompts the question of the 'obligatory' and 'facultative' constituents of a phraseologism, i. While discussing the motivation of phrasal expressions, scholars often refer to their opacity vs.
But what would the ideal form be for which people possess sufficient background knowledge, including phraseological competence, which is required for understanding a given expression? What is the smallest number of words necessary for understanding an expression?
Whether and to what extent can we find help in metalanguage framing a set phrase?
The most serious disadvantage of the recording of Estonian phrases is the laconic accompanying comments or a lack of these. A comment may not even provide an answer as to why a phrase was used, since during the time of recording it was considered unnecessary to write it down. Another unavoidable question that may remain unanswered concerns the function of an expression. In the presentation I will discuss the issues related to the study of phrasal semantics on the example of set phrases connected with the image of talking, narration, words, etc. The discussion will rely on material from the database of Estonian phrases.
Shuli Barzilai Jerusalem , Israel. One of the distinctive features of "Bluebeard" tales is a party. The party or festive celebration may take place at any point in the tale and, sometimes, there may even be a succession of parties.
In Perrault's "The Bluebeard", for instance, an extravagant week-long party serves to seduce a young woman into accepting the proposal of a wealthy gentleman despite his ill-omened beard and the mysterious disappearance of his previous wives. Subsequently, another party serves to punctuate the discourteously impetuous behaviour of the bride, who leaves her guests and rushes off to open the forbidden door.
In the Grimms' "The Robber Bridegroom", by contrast, a wedding celebration held at the end of the tale provides the occasion for the public exposure of the villain. However, whether the convocation of guests be arranged to inaugurate, celebrate, or terminate a marriage, the bride of Bluebeard is often a hostess. Although the party motif has elicited little, if any, critical attention - perhaps because it is so patently an instrumental feature of the plot - Margaret Atwood is one close reader who has not overlooked it.
Her rewriting of "Bluebeard" not only culminates in a social gathering but also absorbs and transforms several intertexts in which some party takes place. This intersection between Atwood's "Bluebeard's Egg" and its precursor texts is remarkable for two reasons. First, unlike the ever-popular "Cinderella" with its multiple balls, "Bluebeard" has acquired, mainly via its German literary inflections, an association with murderous assault in a closed familial setting rather than communal festivity.
Second, the recurrence of the party motif is also unexpected given the wide variety of texts interpolated into Atwood's story. Dalloway and Katherine Mansfield's "Bliss. Karen Bek-Pedersen. Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom. In this talk I want to take a closer look at the nornir , who represent a notion of fate in Old Norse tradition, and some of the ways in which they compare to certain other supernatural female beings, notably the Old Norse goddess Frigg and the mother of Grendel in the Old English poem "Beowulf".
Focusing on some of the most dominant features of these beings their double-sided nature, combining a sinister aspect with a benign one as well as some of the most widely accepted representations of the concept of fate the idea that the nornir spin and that they lay down laws , I want to explore why it is so common to represent fate in feminine guise.
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Riga , Latvia. This research began in the field of oral history. But the oral life stories are much more than a unique and very individual personal experience or subjective representation of objective reality. Tellers include various events of their lives in a single story, making use of fairly significant variety of culture-based models, finding support in stable forms of genre - either in written sources or in oral culture Tonkin , Skultans The combination of nontraditional content - the teller's unique experience - and traditional aspects of form, style and function will be at the focus of analysis in this paper.
At first, the paper outlines the theoretical and methodological principles of research. Secondly, it explores narrative genres in the personal experience stories about the Soviet period told in contemporary Latvia. The principles of narrative analysis are used. Narratives are analyzed as verbal structures, organized by rules of discourse, rooted in culturally defined modes of communication and closely tied with culturally available narratives and dominating discourses in the community. In telling one's own story, there is a need to move beyond personal life into the shared life of culture Freeman In life-stories about the Soviet period we can see various genres: tragedy, anecdote, testimony, heroic saga, tale of adventure or humoresque.
Examples of each genre will be provided, and the explanation of the cultural context which supports these personal choices of representation of experience will be given.
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Dan Ben-Amos. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. For the last fifteen years, together with Professor Dov Noy, I have been working on an anthology of selected tales from the Israel Folktale Archives that by now includes more than 20, narrative texts. The encounter with such a quantity of tales, recorded from immigrants from Eastern Europe, Central Asia, the Near East, and North Africa reveals anew the centrality of storytelling, and requires once again that we seek to explain the importance of narrative beyond the functional, symbolic, and biological models that have been used for this purpose in the past.
Regina Bendix. Since the second half of the 20 th century, new media of disseminating narration - such as records, cassette tapes and CDs - bring into much stronger focus the vital role played by narrators' voices in shaping narrative content and listening pleasure.
The paper first assembles a brief history of narrative scholarships' lack of attention to the voice as medium of narration, drawing. The paper then argues for the theoretical potential inherent in documenting the role of voice both in shaping or producing and appreciating the message. This difficult-to-describe medium with its gendered and age-based specificity opens connections to the ethnography of the senses, to questions of technology and narrative preservation and dissemination, as well as to the marketing of narrative and narrators.
Yuri E. Petersburg, Russia. Tales about the struggle between dwarfs and birds are widespread across Eurasia and the Americas. The southernmost Eurasian version is from Nagaland. In Eastern South America Upper Xingu dwarfs at the edge of the earth are replaced with the souls of the dead in the sky. Among 35, texts included into the author's electronic database, about Eurasian, North and South American cases are relevant to the theme.
Several motifs, partially overlapped and variously combined, reflect a unique set of cosmological ideas. Creatures different from normal human beings who live in a distant land fight with non-human enemies birds, crabs, hares, etc. The spread of this complex across all the New World allows us to date the corresponding ideas to the time of the initial peopling of the Americas about 14, b.
The complex had taken its final shape in Northern Eurasia. The existence of South American versions and the absence of parallels in Australia and most of South and Southeast Asia African materials are not still processed is evidence in favor of historic connections between all known cases.
Ecological factors are not sufficient to explain their independent emergence. After the Second World War an intense period of modern housing construction started up in Sweden, which suddenly changed the circumstances of everyday life for a great number of the Swedish population. The tenants were offered flats equipped with central heating, kitchen with fridge and electric cooker, and bathroom with bathtub.
These dwellings implied new experiences for everyone moving in. By ordering their things and forming new everyday routines and habits, people appropriated this new and unfamiliar space and made it one with their ongoing life. In this process of spatial organisation and routinisation new borderlines were drawn and new meanings were given to categories such as private-public, indoor-outdoor, home-outer world, male-female, work- leisure, us-other.